From Industrial to Eco-Industrial Parks
: the Role of Governance in Sustainability Transitions in Korea and Japan
This research aims to comparatively explore the trajectory of sustainable transition of Eco-Industrial Parks (EIPs) in Korea and Japan, respectively. EIPs in Korea and Japan are growing fast: 26 EIPs in Japan and 46 EIPs in Korea were established by 2015 based on the government-led policy. How has this fast transition from traditional industrial parks to EIPs been possible? Most prior research on the EIPs in Korea and Japan has emphasized the technical aspect. The social, political and cultural contexts of EIPs have received little attention from scholars. The omission of social perspective impeded comprehensive analysis of strength, functioning and limitation of EIPs. In addition, the research on social aspect will be helpful for further policy development and implementation on EIPs. To fill the gap, this research project adopts an interdisciplinary perspective, using the theoretical framework of sustainability transition scholarship. Sustainability transition studies focus on how to promote and govern transitions toward social, economical and environmental sustainability. Within sustainability transition studies, EIPs may be situated as a socio-technical system consisting of networks of actors and institutions as well as material and knowledge. The transition management perspective provides an especially useful framework to analyze the role of governance in the sustainable transition. This research will analyze the EIPs in Korea and Japan and show how healthy and well-organized transition governance will lead to the success of sustainability transition of Industrial Park.
Keywords: transition management, actor-networks, eco-industrial development, technological environmental innovation, East Asia; sustainability transitions